Thursday, November 29, 2012

Climate Change Affecting El Salvador; Lima Mayor Faces Recall; U.S., Mexico Reach Agreement on Colorado River

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Articles in SourceMex, NotiCen and NotiSur, November 28-30

Signs That Climate Change Is Already Spelling BigTrouble For Tiny El Salvador
Sobering studies by development organizations, government offices, and UN agencies continue to underscore what many in El Salvador say they have already learned firsthand: climate change is a real and present danger for the disaster-prone Central American country. El Salvador contributes a relatively tiny share of the global output of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse-gas emissions thought to be responsible for rising temperatures and dangerous shifts in weather patterns. -Benjamin Witte-Lebhar

Lima Mayor Faces Recall
Lima Mayor Susana Villarán insists that she does not fear the recall referendum that the Jurado Nacional de Elecciones (JNE) has scheduled for March 17, 2013, which will decide whether she and 39 municipal councilors keep their jobs. The law does not specify the conditions for carrying out a Consulta Popular de Revocatoria, although such a process must be based on serious legal grounds, although not necessarily on evidence. Marco Tulio Gutiérrez, promoter of the recall effort, says that the main reason is the Villarán administration's "extreme incompetence," but at no time has he given solid arguments for the measure. -Elsa Chanduví Jaña

Ghana, US Court Side with Argentina's "Vulture-Fund"Bondholders
In October,a Ghanaian judge unexpectedly upheld the claim of a "vulture fund" of US financial speculators and, consequently, impounded the Frigata Libertad, the Argentine Navy's training ship, at the port of Tema. The judge took the action at the request of the investment group NML Capital Ltd. , which had made several unsuccessful attempts to take over Argentine assets to cover 100% of the debt bonds that it bought at junk prices (5% of their value) in 2001 when the Argentine economy tumbled and the country defaulted on its debts. NML is an investment firm belonging to US hedge fund manager Paul Singer, who for the past 11 years has tried in every way possible to pressure Argentina. -Andrés Gaudín

U.S., Mexico Sign Landmark Water-Sharing Agreement forColorado River
The US and Mexico have signed a landmark agreement by which the two countries will share and manage water from the Colorado River, allowing them to better respond to drought and other environmental challenges. The agreement also offers opportunities for cooperation in border infrasturcture and restoration of the Colorado River Delta. -Carlos Navarro

Cuba Alert to Possible Brain Drain with IncreasedMigratory Flexibility
Cubans’ eagerness to travel off the island may lead to a stampede of professionals leaving the country beginning on Jan. 14, the date when, after decades of waiting, a more flexible immigration policy will finally come into force, despite warnings from the government of President Raúl Castro that restrictions will be maintained for individuals deemed important for national security and development The "brain drain" and the departure of the skilled work force has been one of Cuba’s most controversial subjects since 1959, when Fidel Castro took power and the country headed toward communism. -Daniel Vázquez

Mexican Senate Overwhelmingly Approves Two Nominees for SupremeCourt
In late November, the Senate overwhelmingly confirmed two candidates proposed by President Felipe Calderón to replace Justices Guillermo Ortiz Mayagoitia and Sergio Aguirre Anguiano on Mexico’s high court (Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación, SCJN). The two retiring justices both completed their 15-year terms. Their replacements, Alfredo Gutiérrez Ortiz Mena and Alberto Gelacio Pérez Dayán, will assume their new posts on Dec. 1, the same day that President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto will be inaugurated. Pérez Dayán will replace Ortiz Mayagoitia, while Gutiérrez Ortiz Mena will take the spot vacated by Aguirre Anguiano. -Carlos Navarro

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